E3S Web Conf.
Volume 298, 20211st International Congress on Coastal Research (ICCR 2020)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Oceanography, Coastal Ecology, and Resources|
|Published online||05 August 2021|
Assessment of the Coastal Marchica Watershed through Ecotoxicological Indices of Trace Elements in Superficial Sediments
1 Mohammed V University in Rabat, Faculty of Sciences. 4 Avenue Ibn Battouta, B.P. 1014 RP 10000, Morocco
2 National Laboratory for Studies and Pollution Monitoring (LNESP), Av. Mohamed Ben Abdellah Er-regragui Madinat Al-Irfane Rabat, Morocco
3 National Center for Energy, Sciences and Nuclear Techniques (CNESTEN), BP 1382, RP 10001 Rabat, Morocco
4 National Institute of Fisheries Research (INRH), 13Bd Zerktouni, BP 493, Nador, Morocco
5 University of Nantes LETG, UMR 6554, BP 81227, France
6 Mohammed V University in Rabat, Institut Scientifique, GEOPAC Research Center, Geophysic and Natural Hazards Laboratory, Morocco
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
This study analyses the seasonal distribution in the superficial sediments of the Marchica watershed of trace and major elements, grain size, and total organic carbon. Samples were taken during the wet and dry seasons of 2018 in the mainstream valleys carrying the discharges to the Marchica Lagoon. Ecotoxicological indices (Enrichment Factor, Contamination Factor, Pollution-Load Index) and sedimen-quality guidelines were used to evaluate the ecotoxicological risk. The results revealed during both wet and dry seasons contamination by lead in all stream valleys. The northwest stream valley, characterized by some industrial activities, and the stream valley crossing the abandoned mine were the most polluted by zinc and copper. Minimal pollution for Cr, Co, and Ba was found during both the wet and dry seasons. Despite the restoration actions achieved around the Ramsar site of Marchica lagoon during the last decades, the watershed continues to have a negative impact on this ecosystem. Therefore, an environmental management strategy isnecessary, taking into account the rehabilitation of the abandoned mining sites, the rational use of pesticides and fertilizers in agriculture, and the environmental responsibility of industrial companies, especially those installed before the implementation of the national law on environmental impact studies.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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