E3S Web Conf.
Volume 302, 20212021 Research, Invention, and Innovation Congress (RI2C 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environmental Science and Engineering|
|Published online||10 September 2021|
Viscosity improvement of recycled poly (ethylene terephthalate) from waste bottles by adding antioxidants and chain-extender
Department of Power Engineering Technology, College of Industrial Technology, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand. 10800
2 Research Centre for Combustion Technology and Alternative Energy – CTAE, College of Industrial Technology, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand. 10800
3 Center for Design and Engineering for Railway and Modern Transport System, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand. 10800
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This research work is focused on the viscosity improvement of recycled poly(ethylene terephthalate) (rPET) from waste bottles by adding antioxidants and multi-functional reactive polymer (Joncry ADR 4468, chain extender). The achieve the objective of this work the investigated was broken into two parts. The first part studied the effect of rPET viscosity after adding various types of antioxidants and stabilizer such as Irgafos®168, Tinuvin® 770, Irganox®1010. The second part observed the effect of viscosity after it was blended with chain extender at 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 and 0.8 pph. rPET was then dried in the oven at 120 oC for 12 hrs, to deplete the moisture. Then, the dried rPET (mixed with the chemicals above) was extruded into a compound using a twin screw extruder. The shear viscosity of the extruded compound was then measured using a rotational rheometer at 270 oC. The results revealed that the addition of chain extender increased the shear viscosity and the tensile strength at break of rPET. Therefore, the chain extender interacted with chains, which could change the structure to be the longer chains, branching or network structures. These structures are entangled and interrupt the movement of the molecular chains. It can be concluded that the viscosity of rPET can be improved by adding a chain extender at 0.6 pph, and the antioxidants of Irgafos®168, Tinuvin®770 and Irganox®1010 at 0.2, 0.1 and 0.5 pph, respectively.
Key words: rPET / Antioxidant / Chain-extender / Viscosity
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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