E3S Web Conf.
Volume 309, 20213rd International Conference on Design and Manufacturing Aspects for Sustainable Energy (ICMED-ICMPC 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||07 October 2021|
Influence of Rapid Solidification and Optimized Process Parameters on the Microstructural Evolution of Additive Manufactured Titanium Alloy Grade 5 Composite
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering Science, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg., South Africa.
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Walter Sisulu University, Butterworth Campus, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
3 Pan African University for Life and Earth Sciences Institute (PAULESI), Ibadan, Nigeria.
* Corresponding Author: email@example.com.
The study experimentally investigates the effects that Ytterbium Laser System process parameters, such as laser power, powder feed rate and traverse speed, has on the resultant microstructure of Ti- 6Al-4V grade 5 alloy. The deposition process was conducted employing a 3kW (CW) Ytterbium Laser System (YLS-2000-TR) machine, coaxial to the reinforcement powder. The laser scanning speed and power were varied between the intervals of 1-1.2 m/min and 900-1000 W. All other parameters kept constant where the rate of gas flow, the spot diameter, and the rate of powder flow. The microstructure was characterized by grain size and morphology by using Optical Microscopy (OM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The microstructural and mechanical properties were ascertained and the relationships with the process parameters were achieved. As a result of rapid cooling, the morphological features of α and α’ are distinctive and appear acicular. The structures appear coarsened. The metallurgy of the samples identifies with a morphology of multi-scale; with the coarsened alpha structures being reduced, plate-like, discrete and finer. The alpha grains closer to the fusion zone grew epitaxially, and the ones above these are acicular and lamellar. The results also indicated that slow traverse speeds increase the scale of columnar grains, while other process parameters were kept constant. Columnar microstructures became prevalent due to the dynamic temperature gradients/spikes, and sustainable cooling rates, pertaining to fabricating direct laser deposited Ti-6Al-4V grade 5 alloy. It was ascertained that by increasing the traverse speeds, the cooling rates increased, which resulted in a decrease in the width of the columnar grains.
Key words: Microstructure / Additive manufacturing / Titanium alloy / Process Parameters / Rapid Solidification
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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