E3S Web Conf.
Volume 314, 2021The 6th edition of the International Conference on GIS and Applied Computing for Water Resources (WMAD21)
|Number of page(s)
|Climate Change & Natural Hazard Related to Water
|26 October 2021
Adaptation to climate change of Moroccan companies: towards an appropriate climate risk anticipation tool
Process and Environment Engineering Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques of Mohammedia, Hassan II University of Casablanca, B.P. 146, Mohammedia, Morocco.
2 Civil Engineering, Hydraulics, Environment and Climate Change Laboratory, Hassania School of Public Works, Casablanca, Morocco.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
† Tool developed by the German International Development Cooperation Agency (GIZ).
‡ SWOT (Strengths | Weaknesses | Opportunities | Threats)
In a fragile and unpredictable economic and health context, Climate Change (CC) is emerging as an eminent issue for businesses in Morocco. This planetary scourge is a double-edged issue. It exacerbates the vulnerability of these companies by affecting the supply of raw materials, energy, and water. It can also be an opportunity for companies that opt for innovative mitigation and adaptation solutions to address CC. Today, the tools and approaches for monitoring greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are relatively standardized and known. However, the methods used to characterize vulnerability and develop adaptation strategies remain limited and little known. To this end, the Climate Expert tool (CE)† has been tested on a panel of Moroccan companies to enable them to characterize their vulnerability to CC and to develop relevant adaptation strategies. A global and detailed analysis was carried out on the evaluation reports, the results of a targeted survey, and completed by a SWOT‡ analysis on the consistency and use of the CE tool. Three groups of interlocutors were involved in this analysis: CE experts, economic operators, and state and project officials. To better plan adaptation measures, this analysis emphasizes the need to move the approach proposed by CE towards an integrated, standardized design. In addition, the implementation of adaptation requires, in particular the setting up of support and advisory instruments and entities in charge of steering adaptation actions within companies. The next stage of this work will be devoted to improving and adapting the CE tool to meet the needs of concrete actions in such companies to deal with CC.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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