E3S Web Conf.
Volume 316, 20212nd International Conference on Agribusiness and Rural Development (IConARD 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||05 November 2021|
Identification of Superior Fruits Commodities in North Sumatra Province
1 Department of Agribusiness, Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara 20217 Medan, Indonesia
2 Department of Management, STIE Graha Kirana, 20118 Medan, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Agricultural is a sector that provides the largest contribution to the economy in North Sumatra Province. The development of fruit production has decreased since 2015. This study aims to identify superior fruits commodities, analyze the development of production for superior fruits commodities, and identify production centers of superior fruits commodities in North Sumatra Province. This study uses secondary data, Namely the time series 2015-2019 period. Data were obtained from the Food Crops and Horticulture Service and the Central Statistics Bureau of North Sumatra Province. The data analysis used is the Location Quotient (LQ) method. The results showed that seven superior fruits commodities were Water Apple (LQ 3.75), Salak (LQ 3.45), Siam Orange (LQ 3.28), Pineapple (LQ 1.58), Durian (LQ 1.35), Sawo (LQ 1.29), and Duku (LQ 1.13). The development of durian, Salak, Duku, and Sawo production shows an increase in the 2015-2019 period. Meanwhile, the development of water apple, Siam Orange, and Pineapple production has shown a decline in production in the 2015-2019 period. The main production centers for each of these superior fruits commodities include Binjai (Water Apple), South Tapanuli (Salak), Karo (Siam Orange). North Tapanuli (Pineapple), Dairi (Durian), South Nias (Duku), and Batubara (Sawo).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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