E3S Web Conf.
Volume 316, 20212nd International Conference on Agribusiness and Rural Development (IConARD 2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||05 November 2021|
Development and problems in the spread of new improved rice varieties in Central Java Province
1 Reserchers of Indonesian Center for Agricultural Socio-Economic and Policy Studies, Indonesia
2 Hasanuddin University Doctoral Program Students, and staff at the Planning Bureau of the Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesia
To support increased rice production, the government is trying to increase the use of superior varieties in farming. In line with this, a study has been carried out aimed at analyzing developments, problems in the distribution, and farming of improved rice varieties. The research was conducted in Central Java Province in 2020. The research sample consisted of 30 rice farmers and various institutions related to this study. Data analysis was carried out quantitatively and descriptively qualitatively. The results of the study showed that the distribution of superior rice varieties (2015-2019) was dominated by Ciherang (31.5%) and IR64 (18.1%) varieties, while the new superior variety Inpari had only 3.9% of the spread. Problems faced in the distribution of superior rice varieties include: limited availability of good quality seeds, low yield productivity, and insufficient resistance to pests and diseases. The results of rice farming analysis at MT-II 2020, farming profits for the Ciherang and Inpari 32 varieties, respectively, are IDR. 9.5 million and in IDR 11.0 million per hectare per season. In order to increase the spread of improved rice varieties, it is necessary to support the provision of seeds with high productivity potential, farming pilots and support from government programs.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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