E3S Web Conf.
Volume 318, 2021Second International Conference on Geotechnical Engineering – Iraq (ICGE 2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Developments in Geotechnical Engineering|
|Published online||08 November 2021|
A Numerical Analysis on the Behavior of Single Battered Pile under Pullout Loading
Civil Engineering Department, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq
Batter or raker piles are piles driven at an inclination with a vertical to resist large inclined or lateral forces. Many structures like offshore structures and towers are subjected to overturning moments due to wave pressure, wind load, and ship impacts. Therefore in such structures, a combination of the vertical and batter piles is used to transfer overturning moments in compression and tension forces to the foundation. This paper presents a three-dimensional finite element analysis using PLAXIS 3D software to study the battered pile's behavior under the effect of pullout load. Several variables that influence the pile tension capacity embedded in sandy soil are investigated. The pile models are steel piles embedded in the dense sand at different batter angles (0, 10, 20, and 30) degrees with two embedment ratios, L/d (15 and 20). To clarify the pile shape's influence on a pullout capacity, two shapes are used, a circular pile with a diameter equal to 20 mm and a square pile with a section of 15.7×15.7 mm. These dimensions are chosen to achieve an equal perimeter for both shapes. The numerical results pointed that the pile pullout capacity increases with the increasing of the batter angle and embedment ratio, and the maximum values are marked at a batter angle of 20o. The shape of the bending moment profile is a single curvature, and the peak values are located approximately at the midpoint of the battered pile, while a zero value is located at the pile tip and pile head.
Key words: Batter pile / pullout capacity / finite element analysis / PLAXIS 3D
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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