E3S Web Conf.
Volume 319, 2021International Congress on Health Vigilance (VIGISAN 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||09 November 2021|
Epidemiological profile of child victims of everyday life injuries versus road traffic accident
1 -Department of pediatric surgical emergencies, children’s hospital of Rabat, Morocco
2 -Faculty of medecine and pharmacy, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco
3 -Laboratory of Genetic and Biometry, faculty of science, university IbnTofail Kenitra, Morocco
4 -Laboratory of epidemiology, clinical research and Biostatistics, faculty of medecine and pharmacy, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco.
Unintentional injuries (UI) correspond to “unplanned” events; they include everyday life injuries (EDL), road traffic accident (RTA) and work accidents. In our pediatric context, the latter are excluded. Aim: Draw up an epidemiological profile of UI in children hospitalized for at least 24 hours and make a comparison between EDL and RTA. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted during four years, about children hospitalized for UI, in the pediatric surgical emergency department (PSE) of the children's hospital of Rabat, Morocco. Sociodemographic and medical data were analyzed by statistical software (JAMOVI). Results: 545 files were retained. EDL represented 81.9 % with a male predominance (70.4%). The median age was 8 years [4; 12] with predominance of school children (63.5%). Infants predominated in EDL (15.1%). Spring has a predominance in RTA (33%), while there is a reversal of the trend for the other seasons (p<0.05). As regards the accident, the majority occurred on weekdays. The injured body parts were multiple for the RTA (39.1%) and affected the limbs (58.5%) for the EDL (p <0.05). Radiological abnormalities were found in 79.6% of cases in EDL. The 24-hour hospital stay was for EDL (66.7%) while RTA is hospitalized beyond 48 hours (53.7%).
Key words: everyday life injuries / road traffic accident / hospitalization / comparison / epidemiology
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.