E3S Web Conf.
Volume 319, 2021International Congress on Health Vigilance (VIGISAN 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||09 November 2021|
Unintentional Accidents among Children: Associated Factors with moderate /severe forms
1 Department of pediatric surgical emergencies, children’s hospital of Rabat, Morocco.
2 Faculty of medecine and pharmacy, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco.
3 Laboratory of Genetic and Biometry, faculty of science, university Ibn Tofail Kenitra, Morocco.
4 Laboratory of epidemiology, clinical research and Biostatistics, faculty of medecine and pharmacy, University Mohammed V, Rabat.
5 Ministry of health, Republic of Benin
Unintentional accidents are very common in children and are the main reason for consultation and hospitalization in paediatric surgery. Aim: To determine the factors associated with unintentional accidents resulting in hospitalization. Material and methods: This is a cross sectional study carried out in the Paediatric Surgical Emergency Department of the Children's Hospital of Rabat over a period of 4 years. We processed 1205 children's files; the data was collected and analysed by Jamovi. Results: for the 545 files selected, the median was 8 years [4; 12] and boys were predominant (70.4%). Sociodemographic factors were represented by low health insurance. In 95.1% of cases, the family lived in a house (50.1%) or an apartment (45%) compared to 4.9% who had insanitary house. For parents' level of education, fathers had a high school education (43.6%) or never attended school (16.9%), compared to 32.9% of mothers who did not attend school. No adult was present during the accident (54.6%). The accident occurred on weekdays (73.2%), especially on winter and summer (41.6% and 33.8%). The main lesions were fractures (53%). The lesions involved the limbs (52.5%) and the head (30.2%) and were multiple in 6.5% of cases. The outcome was simple in 96.1%.
Key words: Child / Unintentional Accident / Associated factors / Morocco
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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