E3S Web Conf.
Volume 319, 2021International Congress on Health Vigilance (VIGISAN 2021)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||09 November 2021|
Quantitation of venom Antigens from Moroccan vipers in serum by using an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) toward improving health vigilance systems
1 Groupe of Biomedical Engineering and Pharmaceuticals Sciences - National Graduate School of Arts and Crafts (ENSAM)- Mohammed V University Rabat, Morocco.
2 Department of Biology, Pharmacology and Toxicology Unity, Microbiology Pharmacology Biotechnology and Environment Laboratory - Faculty of Sciences Ain Chock, Hassan II University. Casablanca - Morocco.
3 Laboratory of venoms and toxins, Pasteur Institute of Morocco -Casablanca, Morocco.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In the present study an ELISA assay was developed and validated for detection and determination of the concentration of snakes venom in biological samples. Individual component of each venom (Cerastes cerastes and Macrovipera mauretanica) used as immunogen to raise specific rabbit IgGs in order to set up a sandwich-type ELISA. Lower detection limit, linearity, accuracy, precision, reproducibility, and reference intervals were determined. The method proved to be simple, specific, reproducible, sensitive (detection limit = 0.5 ng/ml) and the calibration plot was based on linear regression analysis (r = 0.980) between 0.9 and 1000 ng/mL of venom concentration, with a lower limit of quantification of 1.58 ng/mL. The intra- and interassay coefficient of variation ranged from 2,02 to 4.62% and 5.29 to 7.40%, respectively. The specificity of the assay was tested using vipers, cobra and scorpion venom. This method detected venom from all viper species tested without significant cross reactivity with other venoms in the concentration range of 0.9–1000 ng/mL. This ELISA described is sufficiently validated for clinical evaluation. The method is adaptable to other venoms. This is potentially useful for clinical diagnosis of snakebite, to monitor antivenom dose, and consequently to improve the national health monitoring systems.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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