E3S Web Conf.
Volume 319, 2021International Congress on Health Vigilance (VIGISAN 2021)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Methods, Tools and Techniques in Health Vigilance|
|Published online||24 November 2021|
Assessment of nutritional status and quality of life in patients with pancreatic head cancer
1 Research Laboratory Innovation & Information System, EuRSED Vienne France.
2 Laboratory of Biology and Health (LBS), Food and Health Nutrition Sciences Team (ESNAS),University Ibn Tofail, Morocco
3 Department of functional and digestive operating, Ibn Sina 'University Hospital, Rabat, Morocco
4 Natural Resource and Sustainable Development Laboratory, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco
* Corresponding author email: Imaneboussenna@gmail.com
The aim of this study is to evaluate the nutritional status and quality of life (QOL) in patients with unresectable pancreatic head cancer. This is a retrospective assessment that included different parameters namely: current weight, weight loss, body mass index (BMI), bilirubin level (BT), serum albumin (ALB) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Protein-calorie malnutrition was defined by the nutritional risk index (NRI) and quality of life by the general quality of life in digestive disease score (GIQL). The study included 50 patients (60% men, 40% women) with a mean age of 61.8±13.5 years. 32 patients had locally advanced tumors and 16 had metastatic tumors. All patients had significant weight loss [median 24.9% (2%-37%) of stable pre-disease weight], BMI was less than 18.5 kg/m2 in 66% (18.28 ±3.6 kg/m2). Bilirubin was greater than 200mg/l in 44%, ALB less than 35 g/l in 92% and CRP greater than 6 mg/l in 84% of patients. Severe undernutrition was present in 73% of patients and moderate undernutrition in 27%. The GIQL score was satisfactory in 73% of the patients. These results show that this cancer has a serious impact on nutritional status, hence the need to manage these patients in order to mitigate nutritional exhaustion and improve their quality of life.
Key words: Pancreatic head Cancer / Assessment / Nutritional Status / Quality of life
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.