E3S Web Conf.
Volume 321, 2021XIII International Conference on Computational Heat, Mass and Momentum Transfer (ICCHMT 2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Modeling and Simulation|
|Published online||11 November 2021|
Numerical and experimental investigation of the thermal and electrical characteristics of a lithium ion cell
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hacettepe University, 06800, Beytepe, Ankara, Turkey
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this study, an electrochemical-thermal coupled model was developed to investigate the electrical and thermal behaviors of the commercial NCR18650b Li-ion cell during three different discharge rates. The 1-dimensional electrochemical model consists of a positive electrode, electrolyte, and a negative electrode and employs the related mass and charge transfer equations for both solid and liquid phases predicting the cell's voltage variation. The 3-dimensional thermal model involves a mandrel, an active battery part, and a shell. The thermal model solves the general heat diffusion equation and predicts the temperature variation of the cell. The results show that the predicted temperature-voltage profiles follow the same trend with experimental data and are consistent. The maximum calculated root mean square errors are obtained as 0.11 V for voltage, and 0.96 °C for temperature predictions. On the other hand, the maximum temperature differences within the cell was found to be 0.16 °C, 0.43 °C, and 1.29 °C after the 0.5 C, 1C and 1.5 C rate discharging processes, respectively. Finally, the results from the 3-dimensional thermal model reveal that the type of mandrel affects the temperature variation within the cell. However, the average surface temperature of the cell remains comparable for the investigated C rates.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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