E3S Web Conf.
Volume 335, 2022The 2nd International Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Animal Industry (The 2nd ICESAI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||14 January 2022|
Phylogenetic tree analysis for Bali Cattle based on partial sequence 16S rRNA Mitochondrial DNA
1 Graduate Program in Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science IPB University, JL Agatis, Dramaga Campus, Bogor 16680 – Indonesia
2 Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science IPB University, JL Agatis, Dramaga Campus, Bogor 16680 – Indonesia
3 Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science IPB University, JL Agatis, Dramaga Campus, Bogor 16680 – Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) as a source of genetic information based on the maternal genome, can provide important information for phylogenetic analysis and evolutionary biology. The objective of this study was to analyze the phylogenetic tree of Bali cattle with seven gene bank references (Bos indicus, Bos taurus, Bos frontalis, and Bos grunniens) based on partial sequence 16S rRNA mitochondria DNA. The Bayesian phylogenetic tree was constructed using BEAST 2.4. and visualization in Figtree 1.4.4 (tree.bio.ed.ac.uk/software/figtree/). The best model of evolution was carried out using jModelTest 2.1.7. The most optimal was the evolutionary models GTR + I + G with p-inv (I) 0,1990 and gamma shape 0.1960. The main result indicated that the Bali cattle were grouped into Bos javanicus. Phylogenetic analysis also successfully classifying Bos javanicus, Bos indicus, Bos taurus, Bos frontalis and Bos grunniens. These results will complete information about Bali cattle and useful for the preservation and conservation strategies of Indonesian animal genetic resources.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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