E3S Web Conf.
Volume 339, 2022The 10th International Conference on Multidisciplinary Research (ICMR) in conjunction with The 2nd International and National Symposium on Aquatic Environment and Fisheries (INSAEF) 2021
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Economics, Business, and Management on Sustainable Marine Industries and Coastal Development|
|Published online||24 January 2022|
Social, economic and institutional study of purse seine fisheries based on the ecosystem approach in the Fishing Port of Kutaraja, Banda Aceh
1 Department of Fisheries Resources Utilization, Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Universitas Syiah Kuala, 23111 Banda Aceh, Indonesia
2 Department of Fisheries Resources Utilization, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University, 16680 Bogor, Indonesia
3 Geographical Information Systems Laboratory, Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Universitas Syiah Kuala, 23111 Banda Aceh, Indonesia
4 Department of Marine Sciences, Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Universitas Syiah Kuala, 23111 Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Purse seine is the most dominant fishing gear used by fishermen at the Fishing Port of Kutaraja. It affects increasing the number of fishing fleets and fishing efforts per year. The increase is considered to have a negative impact on fishers because it can trigger competition and conflict between fishers, violate the law, and even affect fishermen's income. This study aims to assess the status and formulate fisheries management actions regarding social, economic, and institutional aspects of fishing based on purse seines in the Fishing Port of Kutaraja. This research was conducted in 2018, and data were collected through a survey method by conducting in-depth interviews with several respondents and analyzed using the Flag Modelling technique. The results showed the composite value of the social domain was 91.66% in a ‘very good’ category, the economic domain was 33.33% in ‘poor’ condition, and the institutional domain was 67.66% in a ‘good’ shape. These results indicate that economic management actions need to be better pursued so that purse seine fisheries remain sustainable in accordance with social, economic, and institutional conditions by; (1) implement a profit-sharing system in accordance with applicable regulations; (2) strengthening good cooperation between stakeholders; (3) open dissemination of the importance of Panglima Laot customary rules; (4) improve supervision and law enforcement; (5) increase the synergy of regulations, institutions and stakeholder capacities.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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