E3S Web Conf.
Volume 340, 2022The 13th of Aceh International Workshop and Expo on Sustainable Tsunami Disaster Recovery (The 13th AIWEST-DR 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Hazard Characterization and Modelling|
|Published online||25 January 2022|
Analysis of land use change using normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) as input parameter to flood risk assessment of Krueng Kluet watershed in South Aceh, Indonesia
Civil Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Flood events have been escalating in the last decade at the Kluet River, one of the major rivers in the South Aceh district, Aceh Province, Indonesia. The frequent flood events have made remarkable changes to the river morphology including river meander and delta particularly at the downstream. One of the interplaying parameters contribute to flood events is the land use changes in the watershed. This study aimed to analyze the land use changes of Krueng Kluet Watershed using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). The satellite image data series were obtained to remotely monitor the land use change over 20 years period (1998-2018). NDVI was used in classifying the vegetation density distribution value of the Krueng Kluet Watershed. The output of the study explained that there were increase in the plantation, bareland, grassland, water and settlement areas, while in contrary the forest area and bush. There was an increase by 8.05%, 0.15%, 0.14%, 0.10%, and 0.07% respectively to the plantation, bareland, grassland, water, settlements/urban areas, during the period of 1998-2018. On the other hand, the forest and bush were significantly decreased by 8.25%, and 0.3, respectively in the same period. Overall, the land use changes have also increased the Curve Number (CN) of Krueng Kluet Watershed from 61.8 in 1998 to 62.1 in 2008 and to 62.5 in 2018. This suggests the land use change as an important parameter to take into account in flood risk assessment of the Krueng Kluet Watershed
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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