E3S Web Conf.
Volume 349, 202210th International Conference on Life Cycle Management (LCM 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Sustainability and Impact Assessment|
|Published online||20 May 2022|
LCA of CCS and CCU compared with no capture: How should multi-functional systems be analysed?
NORSUS (Norwegian Institute for Sustainability Research), Stadion 4, 1671 Kråkerøy, Norway
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
CCS (carbon capture and storage) is a means of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by capturing and subsequently storing the CO2, while CCU (carbon capture and utilisation) is a way of recycling the carbon in the captured CO2 by converting it into new products. CCS aims at improving the results for one environmental indicator while CCU represents a multi-functional system. It is therefore crucial, when comparing CCU with CCS or no capture, that more than one indicator is used. Also vital is the need to establish relevant system boundaries and to define a joint functional unit, so as to create a robust decision basis for the selection of the environmentally preferable option.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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