E3S Web Conf.
Volume 352, 20227th International Conference on Energy Science and Applied Technology (ESAT 2022)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Energy Sustainability & Energy-Related Environmental Science|
|Published online||27 June 2022|
Geochemical characteristics and ecological effects of Se and Zn in topsoil in Western Fuling of Chongqing
Chongqing Key Laboratory of Exogenic Mineralizeation and Mine Environment, Chongqing Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chongqing 400042, China
* Corresponding author: Ruigang Zhang
A large area of soil in China is deficient in selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn)，meanwhile, Se and Zn are essential trace elements for human body, so it is of great significance to find Se and Zn rich soil to cultivate crops. Based on the data of Se and Zn in topsoil, crops and root soil obtained from 1:50000 land quality geochemical survey, this paper taking the western area of Fuling in Chongqing as the research area, studies the content and spatial distribution characteristics of Se and Zn in soil and crops, and analyzes the enrichment law of Se and Zn in agricultural crops. The results show that the average values of Se and Zn in the topsoil of the study area are 0.265mg/kg and 77.56mg/kg respectively. There are some differences in the contents of Se and Zn in different geological backgrounds, soil parent materials and soil types. The high value areas of Se and Zn are mainly distributed in the exposed areas of Triassic carbonate; in the study area, the average contents of Se and Zn in maize seeds are 0.029mg/kg and 20.752mg/kg respectively, and the enrichment rates are 96% and 82% respectively. The average contents of Se and Zn in rice seeds are 0.032mg/kg and 11.463mg/kg respectively, and the enrichment rates are 13.3% and 5% respectively. The bioaccumulation coefficients of Se and Zn in maize are higher than that in rice, and the availability of Se and Zn elements in maize root soil is higher.The results can provide geochemical basis for developing characteristic land resources, functional agriculture and promoting rural revitalization in Fuling District.
Key words: Fuling / Soil / Crops / Se / Zn / Ecological Effect
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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