E3S Web Conf.
Volume 362, 2022BuildSim Nordic 2022
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||01 December 2022|
Numerical investigation of a cooling system with phase change material thermal storage for the energy savings in residential buildings
Department of Energy and Petroleum Engineering, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
* corresponding author: email@example.com
Energy consumption for cooling is the fastest-growing use of energy in buildings, and the space cooling systems have become one of the major end-users in building service systems. In recent years, phase change materials (PCM) have been increasingly adopted to reduce cooling energy consumption. This paper presents the simulations of an integrated latent heat thermal energy storage (ILHTES) system for residential buildings, which includes the PCM-to-air heat exchanger (PAHX) and air conditioner (AC). In this study, the Modelica language is adopted to develop the numerical model of the ILHTES system. A numerical heat transfer model has been used to simulate the performance of PCM-to-air heat exchanger, and it has been validated against data from the literature. Using the Modelica library AixLib, a simulation of the dynamic behavior and energy consumption of the building is performed. With the help of the ILHTES model, the optimal design of the system can be obtained using the results of the simulations throughout the cooling season. This study evaluates the energy savings potential of the ILHTES system over the conventional air conditioning system under realistic climate conditions in Budapest. The results show that an energy saving ratio of 32.4% can be achieved. The effect of PCM type on energy consumption of the ILHTES system is investigated, the results show that for three commercially available PCMs, RT25, RT20, and RT18, the ILHTES system using RT25 can utilize less energy and obtain a higher energy saving ratio.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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