E3S Web Conf.
Volume 366, 2023The 2021 International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts (SCA 2021)
|Number of page(s)
|27 January 2023
Dynamic pore-scale modeling of residual fluid configurations in disordered porous media
Center of Innovation for Flow through Porous Media, Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071, United States
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Fluid trapping in porous media is important in many subsurface flow processes such as enhanced oil recovery and geological sequestration of carbon dioxide. To achieve optimal performance in such applications, a fundamental understanding of residual trapping mechanisms at the pore scale is necessary. In this work, we present a computational study of fluid trapping behaviors in natural porous media under different flow regimes by employing a dynamic pore-network modeling approach. The model incorporates many advanced features that have not been collectively used in previous dynamic platforms. For instance, it rigorously solves for fluid pressure fields from two-phase mass balance equations in each pore element, incorporates a detailed description of pore-scale fluid displacement dynamics of piston-like advance, snap-off, and pore-body filling, and explicitly accounts for flow through wetting layers forming in corners and rough surfaces of pore spaces. Moreover, we extend the ability of our model by including contact angle hysteresis, which is often neglected in existing dynamic models. A heavily-parallelized implementation of this platform is further advanced to achieve an efficient computational performance. We first conduct primary drainage and imbibition simulations in pore networks representing Bentheimer and Berea sandstones. We show that the predicted two-phase relative permeability curves agree well with their experimental counterparts reported in the literature. Afterwards, the validated model is used to systematically probe fluid trapping behaviors in a core-sized pore network that is constructed from high-resolution micro-computed tomography images of a Berea sandstone core sample. The effects of dynamic flow conditions and fluid properties on core-scale two-phase displacement pattern, residual-fluid configuration, and residual oil saturations are examined in detail. Fluid trapping properties such as maximum and average residual-fluid cluster size and capillary-controlled invasion selectivity at the pore scale are analyzed under both capillaryand viscous-dominated flow regimes.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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