E3S Web Conf.
Volume 371, 2023International Scientific Conference “Fundamental and Applied Scientific Research in the Development of Agriculture in the Far East” (AFE-2022)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Innovations in Energy Efficiency for Buildings and Structures|
|Published online||28 February 2023|
Design and technological methods for buildings and structures in bases and foundations
1 I. T. Trubilin Kuban State Agrarian University, 13, Kalinina Street, Krasnodar, 350044, Russia
2 Nevinnomyssk State Humanitarian and Technical Institute, 19, Boulevard of the World, Nevinnomyssk, 357108, Russia
3 North-Caucasus Federal University, 1, Pushkin Street, Stavropol, 355017, Russia
* Corresponding author: Svetlana.firstname.lastname@example.org
Buildings and structures are erected on the foundation of ground or arranged in the soil column, and the subsoil can also be used as a building material. Its stability, durability, reliability and appropriate operation are determined not only by the structural qualities of the structure, but also by the properties of the foundation soil itself and the conditions of interaction between the structure and the foundation. Insufficiently studied engineering and geological conditions at the construction site, poorly designed bases and foundations, failure to considerably increase the weight of the building during its reconstruction or technical re-equipment, when erecting new buildings near the existing buildings, often cause their unacceptable deformations which can cause damage and sometimes even complete destruction of the erected buildings. The improvement of design and technological solutions in the field of foundations and foundations will result in saving both labor and material resources, and will reduce the construction period. This paper studies the properties of unstable soils, various difficulties in the design and construction of buildings and structures in special soil conditions with unstable structural relationships, the analysis of a variety of methods to strengthen the foundation soils and ways to combat deformations of buildings and structures.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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