E3S Web of Conf.
Volume 381, 2023International Scientific and Practical Conference “Development and Modern Problems of Aquaculture” (AQUACULTURE 2022)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Agriculture, River Ecosystems and Environment|
|Published online||14 April 2023|
Triticale potential model in the conditions of the Amur region
1 Far Eastern State Agrarian University, 86, Politeknicheskaya Street, Blagoveschensk, 675005, Russia
2 Federal Research Center for Animal Husbandry named after Academy Member L.K. Ernst, 60, Dubrovitsy settlement, Podolsk city district, Moscow region, 142132, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The need for research is due to the growing demands of the region's animal husbandry in fodder grain. The goal is to establish the average and maximum values of the main economic indicators of triticale varieties in various zones of the region. The experiments were carried out in 2012–2016 on the fields of the zonal State Variety Testing Stations of the Amur Region. Soils are typical of zones. Meteorological conditions during the growing season of triticale are different. Triticale varieties were studied: Karmen St, Grebeshok, Rovnya, Ukro and Yarilo. Late-ripening varieties in all zones of the region form a high stem. Location of triticale varieties by grain threshing Karmen> Rovnya> Grebeshok and Yarilo> Ukro. The largest mass of 1000 grains - 53.6 g and a yield of 5.36 t/ha is formed by the Karmen variety in the south of the region. Yarilo gives the highest yield in the central zone, and Rovnya in the northern zone. The increase in yield of Yarilo and Rovnya varieties compared to the control ranged from 0.13 to 0.16 t/ha, or from 4.2 to 5.2%. The smallest significant difference in yield for varieties was 5.4–15.8%. In the central zone of the region, the Yarilo variety significantly exceeds the standard by 0.69 t/ha, or 28.3%, in the north, the Grebeshok and Ukro varieties are significantly inferior to the standard by 0.16 and 0.33 t/ha, or 5.6 and 11.5%. The genetic series of the yield potential of varieties in the area of Karmen> Yarilo> Rovnya>Grebeshok > Ukro. A model of factors determining the adaptive potential of triticale in the Amur region is proposed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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