E3S Web of Conf.
Volume 382, 20238th International Conference on Unsaturated Soils (UNSAT 2023)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Long-Term Measurements of Suction in the Field and their Relation to Climatic Parameters - Part I|
|Published online||24 April 2023|
Calibration of a granular matrix sensor for suction measurements in partially saturated pyroclastic soil
1 Formerly DICEA, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, via Claudio 21, 80125 Napoli Italy
2 DICEA, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, via Claudio 21, 80125 Napoli Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Field monitoring of soil moisture and matrix suction is a useful tool for the implementation of a reliable early warning system against rainfall-induced landslide occurrence. Several test fields have been set up in Campania region (southern Italy), frequently affected by flow-like landslides involving pyroclastic soil cover. In particular, at the Mount Faito test site (Lattari Mountains, southeast of Naples), field matric suctions were measured over two years by conventional jet-fill tensiometers and granular matrix sensors (Watermark, Irrometer®) at different depths. Granular matrix sensor is a resistive device that is more and more spread in agriculture applications and that may also be used for geotechnical purposes thanks to a suitable calibration. In order to gain the calibration curve of the Watermark sensor, two small tip tensiometers (STT) and one High Capacity Tensiometer (HCT) were installed at the same depth of the Watermark sensor in the partially saturated pyroclastic soil sampled at the topsoil of the Mount Faito test site. Tests were carried out in the laboratory by performing drying and wetting phases on undisturbed soil sample. By coupling resistance measurements by Watermark and matrix suction provided by the reference tensiometers, it was possible to derive the non-linear relationship between these two quantities. The soil retention curve was also determined thanks to the installation in the soil sample of a decagon probe previously calibrated in the same pyroclastic soil.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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