E3S Web of Conf.
Volume 390, 2023VIII International Conference on Advanced Agritechnologies, Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Development (AGRITECH-VIII 2023)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Chemical, Ecological, Oil-and-Gas Engineering and Natural Resources|
|Published online||01 June 2023|
Features of operation of pastures of the Don basin
Federal Scientific Center of Agroecology, Complex Melioration and Protective Afforestation of the Russian Academy of Science, Universitetskiy ave. 97, Volgograd 400062, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of the research was to identify the productivity of forage lands on the sandy lands of the Don basin and the optimal load on them of farm animals. The objects of research were pasture ecosystems of Ust-Khopersky, Chirsky, Kazansko-Veshensky, Tsimlyansky, Golubinsky, Archedinsko-Ilovlinsky-Don sand massifs. The work is based on the methods of landscape- bioecological research and the study of the development of phytocenoses. The optimal load of farm animals during their grazing is determined, taking into account the feed capacity of pastures and recommendations for the use of forage lands are given. Overgrown sands are the most productive (1.4-3.8 t/ha). Accordingly, they withstand the greatest load of livestock. When grazing cattle, the load on them should not exceed 0.2-0.4 head / ha, when grazing horses – 0.2-0.5 head / ha, when grazing sheep and goats – 1.0-2.9 head / ha. The most vulnerable areas are open and medium-grown sands. When grazing cattle, the load on them should not exceed 0.1-0.2 head / ha, when grazing horses – 0.1-0.4 head / ha, sheep and goats – 0.4-2.1 head / ha.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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