E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Sediment and pollutant dynamics in rivers|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Geomorphological factors influencing hysteresis patterns between suspended load and flow rate in Alpine rivers
Université Grenoble Alpes, Irstea, UR ETGR, St-Martin-d’Hères, France
2 Université Grenoble Alpes, IGE - UMR 5564, Grenoble, France
3 EDF - Division Technique Générale (DTG), Grenoble, France
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Suspended sediment load represents a large part of total solid fluxes transported in most rivers. Thus, for hydropower plan management or for environmental issues, it is crucial to understand how these sediments are produced, stored and transported in a given catchment. Hysteresis loops in discharge-suspended load signals are commonly used to assess sediment sources and production processes but most of the time the shape of this relation is analyzed qualitatively on short time series or for few events. In this study we analyzed quantitatively 10 long time series of suspended sediment load of various alpine catchments. This method allows us to compare events and to assess to which extent fine sediments originate from hillslope erosion processes or from river bed remobilization. We found that watersheds with braided bed morphology are dominated by clockwise loops while those with narrower bed as step-pool morphology are dominated by counter-clockwise hysteresis or have no general trend. These results suggest that storage and remobilization of fine sediments within the bed could play a major role in suspended sediment transport in Alpine streams, especially in large braided rivers.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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