E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Fluid mechanics and sediment processes|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Experiments on turbulence and near bank vorticities in an open channel sharp bend
Institute of Water Management, Hydrology and Hydraulic Engineering, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, Austria
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Turbulence has a significant influence on fluvial processes. Especially in the sharp bends of geometrically complex natural streams, the interaction of turbulence and flow three-dimensionalities is considerable. Here, generation and evolution of streamwise vorticity in an open channel bend is assessed by means of term-by-term experimental investigations. As a result, corresponding mechanisms are shown and analysed. In addition, based on the homogeneity term of vorticity equation, the applicability of a widely used simplified equation of streamwise vorticity is discussed. The presented comparison reaffirms the inadequacy of the equation in order to estimate near bank vorticities.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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