E3S Web Conf.
Volume 60, 2018Ukrainian School of Mining Engineering
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||16 October 2018|
Investigation of the influence of polyelectrolytes hydrodynamic properties on the hydrateformation process
National Mining University, Department of Underground Mining, 19 Yavornytskoho Ave., 49005 Dnipro, Ukraine
2 National Mining University, Department of Chemistry, 19 Yavornytskoho Ave., 49005 Dnipro, Ukraine
3 Central Ukrainian National Technical University, Department of Electrotechnical Systems and Energy Management, 8 Universytetskyi Ave., 25006 Kropyvnytskyi, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
One of the most perspective non-traditional sources of hydrocarbon raw materials and energy is gas hydrates (GH), which stimulates their large-scale study in many laboratories and scientific centers around the world. The interest in the GH is related to the possibility of their industrial application. The use of technologies for storage and transportation of natural gas in the form of GH requires fundamental kinetic studies of the hydration process at atmospheric pressure in the presence of chemical impurities (catalysts, surfactants, etc.). During the research, an increase in the rate of gas hydrates formation was discovered at the expense of activated impurities and composite compounds obtained on their basis, which lead to changes in the hydrochemical and hydrodynamical modes of systems. It was established that the process of GH formation occurs due to the binding of methane macromolecules and other chemical impurities, which contribute to increase the number of moles of gaseous methane, due to the flow of exchange processes between the polymer matrix and water soluble salts, as well as a result of the change in the hydrodynamics of the water system. The purpose of this work is to investigate the effect of polyelectrolytes solutions hydrodynamic properties on the GH formation. We used a number of ionenes based on polymeric quaternary ammonium salts, side aliphatic radicals of different lengths contained in the acyl fragment.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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