E3S Web Conf.
Volume 65, 2018International Conference on Civil and Environmental Engineering (ICCEE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||26 November 2018|
Evaluation of Waste Cooking Oil as Sustainable Binder for Building Blocks
Department of Civil Engineering, School of Energy, Geoscience, Infrastructure and Society, Heriot-Watt University Malaysia, 62200 Putrajaya, Malaysia
2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 31750 Seri Iskandar, Tronoh, Malaysia
3 Department of Civil Engineering Faculty of Engineering Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: O.Johnson@hw.ac.uk
Increasing depletion of material resources and concern for the environment has led to the great quest for degradable and environmentally sustainable material in various industries in recent years. Application of Waste Vegetable oils as a renewable and biodegradable binder material was explored in this work. Block samples were prepared with 10% liquid binder of vegetable oil, compacted with 75 impact blows and thermally cured in a conventional oven at temperature ranges of 160-200°C. This study explores the effectiveness of waste cooking oil as a novel binder in the production of building block, called WasteVege block. Important parameters such as optimum binder content, optimum curing temperature, and optimum curing age were established. The mechanical and physical properties of the product were examined, the result shows that compressive strength in ranges of 5 - 34 MPa was achieved, initial rate of absorption (IRA), water absorption, efflorescence, and wet/dry durability of the product exhibit acceptable values within the threshold of required standards.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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