E3S Web Conf.
Volume 67, 2018The 3rd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference “Sustainable Development of Tropical Renewable Energy” (i-TREC 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Smart Grid and Regulation|
|Published online||26 November 2018|
Reduction of COD and BOD concentration in lake water of universitas indonesia with microbial desalination cell system and utilizing bio charcoal as electrode
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
* Coresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
One of the most promising areas with the existence of the lake is Universitas Indonesia. Universitas Indonesia (UI) has six lakes with a total area of 269,107 m2 which is very important for its existence to balance the surrounding environment. Currently, the existence of UI lake has been contaminated with the COD value of about 1 to 8.000 mg/L due to a lot of garbage that enters and buried in it, that more attention is needed so that pollution will not increase. Microbial Desalination Cell (MDC) is a development system of Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC), which has the ability to desalinate seawater and can produce electricity by using microorganisms as waste decomposers. In addition, MDC method can also reduce the level of waste contained in the substrate used. To improve the performance of MDC, this study utilizes bio charcoal from rice husks to assess the performance of sodium percarbonate in the cathode chamber with a variation of 0.05 M concentration; 0.1 M; 0.15 M; and 0.2 M, and the performance of the addition of bacteria consortium on the substrate. The best results of this MDC study, in the variation of 0.15 M sodium percarbonate concentration with a decrease of COD and BOD of 93.98% and 87.67% and in variation of addition of bacteria consortium of 1 mL with decrease of COD and BOD 90.04% and 50.52%.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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