E3S Web Conf.
Volume 67, 2018The 3rd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference “Sustainable Development of Tropical Renewable Energy” (i-TREC 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Multifunctional and Advanced Materials|
|Published online||26 November 2018|
Effect of mother-in-law’s tongue leaves (Sansevieria trifasciata) extract’s solvent polarity on anti-diabetic activity through in vitro α-glucosidase enzyme inhibition test
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
* Coresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease caused by elevated blood glucose levels above normal values (hyperglycemia). Natural ingredients that contain hypoglycemic substances, can become an alternative treatment of DM, i.e. mother-in-law’s tongue leaves (Sansevieria trifasciata), which is known to contain flavonoids, glycosides, alkaloid, and steroids that have anti-diabetic activity. The goal of this research is to obtain mother-in-law’s tongue leaves crude extract which has the highest anti-diabetic activity as an α-glucosidase inhibitor. The result showed that from all solvents used, which is aquadest, 70% ethanol, and 70% ethyl acetate, extracted with 70% ethanol has the highest yield value, which is 12.69%. The percentage of inhibition α-glucosidase was 90.72% at the inhibitor concentration of 4708.71. This shows that the extract with 70% ethanol has the required bioactive compound content to act as the α-glucosidase enzyme inhibitor. Based on the identification of compounds found in the sample mother-in-law's tongue leaves extract with 70% ethanol using Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), compounds that have anti-diabetic activity is steroids, alkaloids, terpenoids, tocopherol, and flavonoid.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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