E3S Web Conf.
Volume 67, 2018The 3rd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference “Sustainable Development of Tropical Renewable Energy” (i-TREC 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Multifunctional and Advanced Materials|
|Published online||26 November 2018|
The Effect of NADES Ratio Solvent and Sonication Time in Extraction of Papaya Sap for Bio-insecticide Production
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia. Tel. +62 21 7863516, Fax. +62 21 7863515; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
* Coresponding author: email@example.com
Along with the increasing quantity of agriculture in Indonesia, should be followed by improving the quality of agriculture. Generally one of the indicators or parameters commonly used to indicate the quality of agriculture is the number of pests that damage plants in certain areas. The control of disturbing organisms on the plant can be minimized by the bio-insecticide production of Carica papaya which is tapped and extracted with ultrasonic-assisted using a mixed NADES solvent from Cholin chloride (ChCl) and Oxalic acid (Ox) with varying sonification time for 10, 20, 30 minutes and solvent ratio of 1: 2 and 2: 1. Bio-insecticide was produced by conducting qualitative enzyme activity of with lowry method and quantitatively using UV / Vis spectrophotometer aid with 750 nm wavelength and efficacy test. The best extraction result was obtained at NADES solvent with 1: 2 ratio with extraction time for 30 min with extraction time for 30 minutes yielding protein concentration equal to 7,23 ppm and tyrosine concentration equal to 7,9 ppm. Bio-insecticide samples effectively kill grayak caterpillars with 100% mortality within 5-7 days.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.