E3S Web Conf.
Volume 70, 201817th International Conference Heat Transfer and Renewable Sources of Energy (HTRSE-2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Renewable Energy Sources and Energy Storage|
|Published online||03 December 2018|
Analysis of thermal and electrical efficiency of photovoltaic/thermal – PV/T modules operating in moderate climate at microscale
Institute of Heat Engineering, Faculty of Power and Aeronautical Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Nowowiejska 21/25, 00-665 Warsaw, Poland
* Corresponding author: Dorota.Chwieduk@itc.pw.edu.pl
The paper presents an application concept for PV/T - Photovoltaic Thermal Technology in moderate climates (such as the Polish climate), at a micro scale, i.e. for a single family house. The paper analyses the operation of a PV/T system applied to Domestic Hot Water – DHW heating and electricity production. A mathematical model of the system operation has been developed. The paper focuses on modeling thermal and electrical efficiency of photovoltaic/thermal - PV/T modules. It also briefly presents the governing equations for the thermal energy balance of a storage tank, where thermal stratification effects take place. Some selected results of the numerical simulation of the PV/T system operation are described. Daily distribution of hourly averaged thermal and electrical efficiency of the PV/T modules without cover and with one glazing are presented. The PV/T systems do not give significant thermal energy output in winter. PV/T modules without glazing do not supply heat at all for three winter months, their highest thermal efficiency is in summer and it can be nearly 15%. In the same period glazed modules have efficiency equal to nearly 24%. However, the unglazed modules can give much more electrical energy in summer than those with glazing, and the electrical efficiency can reach the levels of 11.4% and 9.4%, respectively. In winter the difference is smaller, i.e. for unglazed the efficiency is 12.2%, and for glazed 11.2%.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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