E3S Web Conf.
Volume 73, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Energy, Environmental and Information System (ICENIS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Environmental Technology and Pollution Control|
|Published online||21 December 2018|
Feed Forward Neural Network Modeling for Rainfall Prediction
Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang - Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Prediction of rainfall data by using Feed Forward Neural Network (FFNN) model is proposed. FFNN is a class of neural network which has three layers for processing. In time series prediction, including in case of rainfall data, the input layer is the past values of the same series up to certain lag and the output layer is the current value. Beside a few lagged times, the seasonal pattern also considered as an important aspect of choosing the potential input. The autocorrelation function and partial autocorrelation function patterns are used as aid of selecting the input. In the second layer called hidden layer, the logistic sigmoid is used as activation function because of the monotonic and differentiable. Processing is done by the weighted summing of the input variables and transfer process in the hidden layer. Backpropagation algorithm is applied in the training process. Some gradient based optimization methods are used to obtain the connection weights of FFNN model. The prediction is the output resulting of the process in the last layer. In each optimization method, the looping process is performed several times in order to get the most suitable result in various composition of separating data. The best one is chosen by the least mean square error (MSE) criteria. The least of in-sample and out-sample predictions from the repeating results been the base of choosing the best optimization method. In this study, the model is applied in the ten-daily rainfall data of ZOM 136 Cokrotulung Klaten. Simulation results give a consecution that the more complex architecture is not guarantee the better prediction.
Key words: rainfall / FFNN / prediction / RMSE
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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