E3S Web Conf.
Volume 81, 2019The 1st International Symposium on Water Resource and Environmental Management (WREM 2018)
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||30 January 2019|
Experimental study on atomization characteristics of two common spiral channel pressure nozzles
Work Safety Key Lab on Prevention and Control of Gas and Roof Disasters for Southern Coal Mines, Hunan University of Science & Technology, Xiangtan Hunan 411201, China
2 Hunan Province Key Laboratory of Coal Resources Clean-utilization and Mine Environment Protection, Hunan University of Science & Technology, Xiangtan Hunan 411201, China
3 School of Resource, Environment & Safety Engineering, Hunan University of Science & Technology, Xiangtan 411201, China
* Corresponding author: WANG Peng-fei (1984.08-), male, A.P., 13789303851 (cell).
E-mail address: email@example.com
Spiral channel pressure nozzles are commonly used pressure nozzles in practical workplaces. In this paper, two kinds of spiral channel type pressure nozzles, namely, spiral hole type and spiral non-porous type, the atomization characteristics and dust reduction efficiency under different spray pressures are discussed and compared. Based on the experimental method, based on the self-designed spray dust-reducing roadway experimental platform, the macro-atomization characteristics of the two nozzles, namely the flow rate, the atomization angle, the range, and the droplet size, were measured. The following conclusions were drawn: (1) The flow rates of both nozzles increase with increasing spray pressure, and the flow coefficient of the spiral non-porous nozzle is small. (2) The change of the atomization angle of the two nozzles first increases and then decreases with the increase of the spray pressure, and the atomization angle of the spiral non-porous nozzle is larger. At the same time, the range of the two nozzles gradually increases as the spray pressure increases, and the range of the spiral perforated nozzle is always larger than that of the spiral non-porous nozzle. (3) When the spray pressure is gradually increased, the droplet size of the two nozzles selected in the experiment is gradually reduced, and the droplet size of the spiral perforated nozzle is always larger than that of the spiral non-porous nozzle before 5 MPa, and then gradually Become smaller. The main reason why the droplet size decreases with the increase of the spray pressure is that the increase of the spray pressure leads to an increase in the spray speed of the water droplets, so that the water droplets are completely split when they are ejected from the nozzle, resulting in a smaller droplet size. In summary, when the spray pressure required in the actual working environment is low, the use of a spiral non-porous nozzle is more conducive to dust reduction.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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