E3S Web Conf.
Volume 89, 2019The 2018 International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts (SCA 2018)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Pore Scale Imaging and Modeling|
|Published online||29 March 2019|
A digital rock physics approach to effective and total porosity for complex carbonates: pore-typing and applications to electrical conductivity
School of Petroleum Engineering, University of New South Wales , Sydney, Australia
2 Department of Applied Mathematics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
* corresponding author: email@example.com
Recent advances in micro-CT techniques allow imaging heterogeneous carbonates at multiple scales and including voxel-wise registration of images at different resolution or in different saturation states. This enables characterising such carbonates at the pore-scale targeting the optimizing of hydrocarbon recovery in the face of structural heterogeneity, resulting in complex spatial fluid distributions. Here we determine effective and total porosity for different pore-types in a complex carbonate and apply this knowledge to improve our understanding of electrical properties by integrating experiment and simulation in a consistent manner via integrated core analysis. We consider Indiana Limestone as a surrogate for complex carbonate rock and type porosity in terms of macro- and micro-porosity using micro-CT images recorded at different resolution. Effective and total porosity fields are derived and partitioned into regions of macro-porosity, micro-porosity belonging to oolithes, and micro-porosity excluding oolithes’ rims. In a second step we use the partitioning of the micro-porosity to model the electrical conductivity of the limestone, matching experimental measurements by finding appropriate cementation exponents for the two different micro-porosity regions. We compare these calculations with calculations using a single cementation exponent for the full micro-porosity range. The comparison is extended to resistivity index at partial saturation, further testing the assignment of Archie parameters, providing insights into the regional connectivity of the different pore types.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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