E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Geomaterial Behaviour: Small Strain|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Maximum shear modulus of calcareous sand in Dejebel Dahar, Tunisia and its dependency on applied stress
Kyung Hee University, Department of Civil Engineering, 17104 Yongin, South Korea
2 University of Gabès, Civil Engineering Laboratory, 6029 Tunis, Tunisia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The present experimental investigation aims at investigating the small strain stiffness of calcareous sand as a function of applied stress. The calcareous sand was sampled at Tunisia's Dejebel Dahar region, and the shear wave velocity (Vs) of calcareous sand was measured using modified oedometer cell equipped with bender elements. The results of this study demonstrate that the Vs of the tested calcareous sand is smaller than that of silica sand with minimal crushable particles at relatively low applied stress (σ); however, Vs of calcareous sand is greater than that of silica sand at high σ, reflecting strong dependency of calcareous sand on σ. The applied stress dependency of soils can be expressed as a power function of applied stress (Vs = α (σ / 1 kPa)β, where α = Vs at σ = 1 kPa and β = stress exponent). Generally, the single α-β can capture the dependency of Vs on σ, and the typical β value for sand is around 0.25. The measured β of tested silica sand was around 0.20; while, Tunisia calcareous sand shows β of greater than 0.32, and the dependency of Vs on σ cannot be captured by single α-β. This can be attributed to the fact that the variation of Vs of tested calcareous sand with increasing σ reflects not only fabric change but also particle crushing.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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