E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Geomaterial Behaviour: Strength, Critical State, Localisation|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Soil Particle Movement and Shear Band Development during Plane Strain Compression
Columbia University, 116 th St. Broadway, New York, NY 10027, USA
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Most geotechnical structures failed by formation and development of shear bands in soils. Thus, shear deformation and shear bands development evaluation are necessary to understand shear failure mechanism. During shearing, deformation behaviour analysis for soil particles within entire soil specimen are evaluated to understand the soil behaviour and shear strength characteristics. In this paper, a series of plane strain compression tests using Nevada sand and Ottawa sand were conducted to identify the shear strain and shear failure mechanism. With the results of plane strain compression tests, image analyses using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) were carried out in order to measure the change in position of soil particles and shear bands development. Deformation vectors and contours were constructed to see the entire deformation mechanism in the soil specimen. During shearing, shear band was identified after peak stress and most visually distinctive at residual state. However, shear band started to develop invisibly immediately after starting loading and this invisible development was able to be observed by horizontal and vertical movement analyses of PIV. Soil particles moved actively in horizontal and vertical direction to generate shear band in the beginning of shearing. After development of shear band, soil particles moved along the shear band.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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