E3S Web Conf.
Volume 108, 2019Energy and Fuels 2018
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||05 July 2019|
The role of LNG supplies in balancing natural gas demand in EU countries
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas, al. Adama Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
2 AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Energy and Fuels, al. Adama Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
3 Rzeszow University of Technology, Department of Economy of the Faculty of Management, al. Powstańców Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Over the last decade, developments could be observed in the structure of primary energy consumption in EU countries. In order to achieve the goals, energy carriers with minimum impact on the natural environment are used, and natural gas is considered to be such a fuel. The share of natural gas in the EU’s energy balance in the analysed period, from 2000 to 2016, remained at a relatively stable level. However, in the case of individual countries, its share in the energy balance depends on specific characteristics of a country. Regardless of the share of natural gas in the energy consumption structure of individual countries, they strive to diversify the supply of natural gas. One of the main constituents of natural gas supply diversification is the construction of LNG import terminals. Access to this infrastructure enhances energy security and offers better opportunities when negotiating long-term contracts for the supply of natural gas. The EU possesses significant possibilities of importing natural gas through LNG terminals, but until now they have been used to a limited extent, it may indicate that in addition todiversification tasks, terminals are a guarantee in the event ofinterruptions in gas supplies using gas pipelines.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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