E3S Web Conf.
Volume 108, 2019Energy and Fuels 2018
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||05 July 2019|
Polish energy security in the oil sector
AGH University of Science and Technology, the Faculty of Energy and Fuels, Poland
2 AGH University of Science and Technology, the Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas, Poland
3 AGH University of Science and Technology, the Faculty of Mining and Geoengineering, Poland
4 International Energy Agency, Paris, France
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Almost all crude oil used in Poland is imported. The domestic production meets less than 4% of needs; therefore, to ensure the security of supplies, Poland relies heavily on imports. It is worth mentioning, however, that Poland has crude oil resources oil fields are located in the Carpathians, Polish Lowlands, and in the economic zone of the Baltic Sea. For years, crude oil is imported mainly from the East, however, a significant change in this approach, leading to an increase in seaborne oil supplies, has been observed in recent years. In 2017, 77.3% of crude oil was imported from Russia, while the rest was supplied from Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Norway, and Kazakhstan. Increasing the diversification of supplies is, of course, a very positive phenomenon, because it allows reducing the dependence on one supplier, which is beneficial from the point of view of energy security. Taking into account a high dependence on oil imports, the article also discusses important factors affecting the global oil market: low investment in the upstream sector, a drastic decline in oil production in Venezuela, the impact of the U.S. embargo on Iran, or depleting oil reserves.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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