E3S Web Conf.
Volume 109, 2019International Conference Essays of Mining Science and Practice
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||09 July 2019|
Experimental and analytical studies to substantiate the blasting operations rational parameters in the hard media destruction
Institute of Geotechnical Mechanics named by N. Poljakov of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 49005, Dnipro, Simferopolska Str., 2a, Ukraine
2 National TU Dnipro Polytechnic, 49005, Dnipro, Dmytra Yavornytskoho Ave., 19, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The method of sieve analysis studied particle size distribution of the products explosive destruction of sand-cement models with elliptical compensatory cavity in its middle that were destroyed with use of various designs explosive charges and built the cumulative distribution curves. It was established that the area of the newly formed surface of these models destruction products, destroyed by an explosion of variable cross section charges, increased 1.45 times as compared with charges of other structures (boiler in the extension of the charge end, solid structure). The middle diameter of particles increased at 50-60 %. According to the results of the fractional composition, distribution of the products models destruction for different designs and geometric parameters of the compensation cavity has been defined by the regression lines. According to the cumulative distribution curves of the products of destruction of a model with different geometrical parameters of the compensation cavity, around which various designs of explosive charges were exploded, the equations of the regression lines was determined. Based on the obtained dependences of the regression-correlation analysis, mathematical models have been developed to optimize the choice of rational parameters of compensation cavities and explosive charge structures. Recommendations for their use in mines are given.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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