E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Advanced HVAC&R&S Technology|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Estimation of load duration curves from general building data in the building stock using dynamic BES-models
Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Ghent University, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41-B4, B-9000, Ghent
Modelling and simulation of building stock is a valuable source of information for investigating the feasibility of implementing new heating and cooling system technologies. Some of these technologies have oversizing problem as the designers rely on their experience and previous knowledge. Building stock modelling can provide a solution for more accurate designing process. However, some of the current building stock modelling methods uses a representative building which can exclude whole ranges of the different combinations of building geometry and physical properties that can be crucial for heating and cooling load estimation. Therefore, we developed a methodology that allows faster and accurate building energy simulation (BES) multizone models from general building information of the whole building stock that is able to estimate load duration. This will help engineers and designers to decide on the system sizing at the early design stages. This paper presents first, the process of generating dynamically heating and cooling load duration curves by using BES-models from general geometrical data of the building stock. Second, we examine the process on a sample of the building stock where geometrical and physical parameters were varied. The workflow of the process has worked successfully, generating heating and cooling duration curves for 14 case studies. We observed that heating and cooling loads are highly influenced by different combinations of parameters. High glazing percentage affects highly the heat losses, thus more heating loads. Besides, for a west oriented building, the high glazing percentage combined with high internal gains can be the reason for significant cooling loads. In next steps, we are going to extend the current methodology to cover different building typologies within different climates across Europe.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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