E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Indoor Environment Quality and Others|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Impact of room airflow interaction on metabolic CO2 exposure
1 International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
2 Halton Oy, Haltonintie 1-3, 47400, Kausala, Finland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
CFD simulations were performed to investigate occupants’ exposure to metabolic CO2 in a room with mechanical ventilation. A meeting room occupied by six adult people performing sedentary activity was simulated. Five of the six occupants were simulated to exhale air with realistic CO2 content, while one occupant was inhaling, i.e. the exposed occupant. Both exhalation and inhalation were simulated with constant flow rates. Two air distribution patterns were considered, mixing and displacement air distribution, each was combined with chilled ceiling, as summer conditions were simulated. For both air distribution patterns, the influence of solar gain of 200 W, which was simulated as heated vertical surface (window), and the distance between the occupants facing each other were studied. The simulation results revealed the importance of buoyancy flows generated by heated vertical surfaces for the pollution distribution. It was found out that compared to the case without solar heat gain, the presence of solar gain increased the inhaled CO2 level by 26.9 % in the case of displacement ventilation, while it reduced the exposure by 4.5 % when the outdoor air was distributed by mixing ventilation. The distance between the occupants facing each other did not affect considerably the exposure.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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