E3S Web Conf.
Volume 112, 20198th International Conference on Thermal Equipment, Renewable Energy and Rural Development (TE-RE-RD 2019)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Thermal Equipments and Processes|
|Published online||20 August 2019|
Numerical simulation of a phase change material melting process
University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, Department of Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat Engines, Thermal and Refrigeration Equipment, Bucharest, Romania
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Storage processes are usually integrated in solar energy systems applications due to daily variation of this energy source availability. Among different thermal storage solutions, phase change materials (PCM) lately became more extensively used covering a wide range of operating temperatures. In this regard, a numerical simulation of a PCM melting process is performed under ANSYS CFD environment. A particular configuration is considered consisting in a 2m length annular tube having a 5.48 cm external diameter. The tube is filled with paraffin chosen as PCM. A concentric interior tube of 2.54 cm diameter is used for transporting the heat transfer fluid (HTF) from the solar collector. Heat is transferred through the 1 mm thick pipe wall to the PCM placed all around the HTF tube. The numerical results reveal the melting process of the PCM at different instances and tube sections. The time variation of the PCM liquid fraction is emphasized. The results describe the dynamic behavior of a PCM melting process and might be further integrated in any solar power plant storage charging process simulation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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