E3S Web Conf.
Volume 123, 2019Ukrainian School of Mining Engineering - 2019
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||22 October 2019|
Annual production enhancement at deep mining
1 Kryvyi Rih National University, Department of Labor Protection and Civil Security, 11 Matusevycha St., 50027 Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine
2 Kryvyi Rih National University, Department of Underground Mining of Mineral Deposit, 11 Matusevycha St., 50027 Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine
3 Kryvyi Rih National University, Department of Ecology, 11 Matusevycha St., 50027 Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The article aims at determining possible annual production considering mining and technical capabilities of the underground mine. Deepening of mining operations at Kryvyi Rih iron ore basin reduces considerably annual production of the useful mineral which results in increased mining costs. To maintain annual production, it is reasonable to build the second stage of opening the depth of which depends on production volumes. When determining the optimal depth of the first stage opening, it is necessary to apply a complex research method including the graphoanalytical one for determining the underground mine’s annual production and the industrial one for adjusting the methods considering technical conditions of the enterprise. It has been determined that annual production is influenced not only by mining and geological but also by mining and technical conditions. It has been proved that annual production of an underground mine decreases in direct proportion to the increased depth of mining. The speed of skips in the shaft is greatly impacted by the length of the main opening and its operating life. With the increase of the shaft operating life the skip speed decreases from 12 to 6 – 8 m/s. When designing the flowchart of further opening of underlying levels, it is necessary to consider both mining capabilities and technical conditions of the shaft and headgear, mining depth and the main opening operating life as well as the strategy of the mining enterprise. Consideration of the above mentioned factors enables maintaining the required annual production when mining iron ores at great depths. Under conditions of Kryvyi Rih iron ore basin, it has been determined reasonable to apply the main vertical shaft flowchart when mining reserves to the depth of 1650 m.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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