E3S Web Conf.
Volume 142, 2020The 3rd International Conference on Agricultural and Life Sciences (ICALS 2019)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Agricultural Engineering and Technology|
|Published online||21 January 2020|
Characterization of Physical and Chemical Properties of Effervescent Tablets Temulawak (Curcuma zanthorrhiza) in the Various Proportion of Sodium Bicarbonate and Tartaric Acid
The University of Jember, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Department of Agricultural Product Technology, Kalimantan street. No. 37 Post Code No. 68121 Jember, East Java, Indonesia .
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of comparative treatment of the proportion of Sodium bicarbonate and tartaric acid on the physical and chemical properties of effervescent tablets temulawak, as well as knowing the proportions of sodium bicarbonate and tartaric acid right to produce a good effervescent tablets temulawak. The research method uses a single completely randomized design namely the ratio of sodium bicarbonate: tartaric acid, (F1 = 2.0: 2.5; F2 = 2.5: 2.0; F3 = 3.0; 1.3; F4 = 3 , 5: 1,0, and F5 = 4.0: 0.5y). each treatment was repeated 3 (three) times. The resulted data were analyzed by ANOVA test. The results showed that the proportion of sodium bicarbonate and tartaric acid significantly affected color lightness, hardness, hygroscopicity, solubility times, water content, ash content, and not significantly affect viscosity and pH. The right proportion of sodium bicarbonate acid tartaric acid for making effervescent tablets temulawak is A1 treatment (proportion of sodium bicarbonate and tartaric acid 2.0: 2.5) with the attributes of water content of 66.72%, hardness of 2.20 kg, hygroscopicity of 25.43 g, solubility times of 35 seconds, viscosity 1.75 MPa.S, water content 1.19%, ash content 3.10%, and pH = 5.1.
Key words: effervescent tablets temulawak / physical properties / chemical properties / solubility times / hygroscopicity
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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