E3S Web Conf.
Volume 147, 2020The 3rd International Symposium on Marine and Fisheries Research (3rd ISMFR)
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||10 February 2020|
Review Vibriosis Management in Indonesian Marine Fish Farming
Laboratory of Fish Health and Environment, Fisheries Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281
2 Laboratory of Aquaculture, Fisheries Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Vibriosis is a bacterial disease that has been reported in Indonesian marine fish culture since the 1990s. The disease was reported mostly in grouper and shrimp (monodon and vanname) farming, although the infections in snapper (Lates calcarifer) and abalone (Haliotis squamata) aquaculture were also occurred. Causative agents of vibriosis in Indonesia marine fish is involving 14 species of vibrio namely Vibrio harveyi, V. anguillarum, V. alginoluticus, V. parahaemolyticus, V. fluvialis, V. furnisii, V. methcnikovii, V. vulnificus, V. ordalii, V. cincinnatiensis, V. carchariae, V. azureus, V. mimicus and V. damsela. Control of vibriosis is conducted with water quality management, applications of vaccines, antibiotics, probiotics and immunostimulants. Most vaccines developed and commercially available in Indonesia are in the form of inactive-whole cell types. The vaccine product is effective enough to protect fish from vibriosis. Probiotics have been widely studied since the 2000s and have been shown to increase fish and shrimp growth and resistances against vibriosis. Immunostimulants began to be developed since 2010 based on the extracts of terrestrial plants, seaweeds and chitosan. It is therefore concluded that the continuous existence of pathogenic strains in aquaculture farm requires further development of the control methods, including periodic updating of the vaccines, probiotics and immunostimulant formulas for more potent efficacies.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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