E3S Web Conf.
Volume 169, 2020Actual Problems of Ecology and Environmental Management: Cooperation for Sustainable Development and Environmental Safety (APEEM 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environmental Psychology, Law, Education|
|Published online||19 May 2020|
Renewable energy as a factor of sustainable development and regulation of ecological problems in Africa
Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Leninskie gory, 1/19, GSP-1 Moscow, Russian Federation
2 Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997, Nakhimovsky Prospect, 36, Moscow, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The analysis of the main directions of renewable energy in Africa, as a factor in sustainable development and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is performed. The ecological problems of the modern and prospective development of the energy complex of African countries are considered. For African countries the issue of ensuring reliable and environmentally friendly access to electricity for the population is extremely acute. It is shown, that the electricity demand for industry in Sub-Saharan Africa the most problematic region is growing on a very large scale. The construction of new large coal-fired thermal power plants in the required volumes will lead to serious environmental and climatic consequences. The study of regional data allowed us to conclude that PV solar systems are of priority importance for increasing people’s access to electricity in rural SubSaharan Africa. Based on numerous materials from international energy structures the estimates and calculations of volumes of reduction of greenhouse gas emissions due to the use of renewable energy sources as an alternative to carbon fuel are carried out. The study has shown that of particularly great importance for reducing CO2 emissions in Kenya is the development of geothermal energy.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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