E3S Web Conf.
Volume 172, 202012th Nordic Symposium on Building Physics (NSB 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Advanced building envelope|
|Published online||30 June 2020|
Thermal Conductivity of Silica-aerogel (SA) and Autoclave Aerated Concrete (AAC) Composites
1 Institute of Thermal Science and Power Systems, School of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
2 Institute of Building Technology, School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
* Corresponding author: Liwufan@zju.edu.cn
Improving the thermal insulating performance of porous building materials is of great practical significance for building energy conservation. In this work, silica aerogels (SA) with ultralow thermal conductivity were proposed as an appropriate candidate to be integrated with autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) to produce novel SA-AAC composites with higher thermal insulating performance by physical solution impregnation method. The pore-structures, mechanical and thermal properties of the SA-AAC composites were probed by various experimental tests. According to the microscopy and porosimetry results, SA were observed to adhere to the surface walls of the AAC holes, thus reducing the amount of macro-sized pores. In addition, the improved thermal insulating performance of AAC was successfully achieved with the relative improvement depending on the porosity of the pristine AAC. At the mass fraction of SA of ~7%, the highest relative improvement was found to be ~30% The results of this work exhibited a great potential of this novel SA-AAC composite in engineering applications.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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