E3S Web Conf.
Volume 172, 202012th Nordic Symposium on Building Physics (NSB 2020)
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Energy performance simulation and assessment|
|Published online||30 June 2020|
Impact of reflective roofs on the overall energy savings of whole buildings
1 Jubail University College, Royal Commission of Jubail and Yanbu, Jubail Industrial City 31961, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Shuwaikh, Al-Jahidh Street, P.O. Box 24885, 13109 Safat, Kuwait
2 École de Technologie Supérieure (ETS), Montreal, University of Quebec, Montreal, Quebec H3C 1K3, Canada
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Many previous studies by the authors of this paper and others have shown that installing white/reflective/cool roofing systems resulted in energy savings. The amount of energy savings depended on the longwave thermal emissivity and the short-wave solar reflectivity of the rooftop surfaces. The question is “what is the percentage energy savings for the whole building as a result of using cool roofing systems instead of conventional/black roofing systems? To answer this question, three-dimensional energy simulations are conducted for typical Saudi buildings when they are subjected to the natural weathering conditions of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Several Window-to-Wall Ratios (WWRs) having different thermal resistances (R-values) and Solar Heat Gain Coefficients (SHGCs) are considered in the study. The windows are located in the different main solar orientations. To investigate the effect of the area ratio of the roof to the walls on the potential energy saving due to using cool roofs, one storey and two-storey are considered in this study. Results showed that using reflective materials with lower short-wave solar absorption coefficients in the roofing systems have resulted in a decrease in the yearly total energy loads of one-storey building and two-storey building.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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