E3S Web Conf.
Volume 177, 2020XVIII Scientific Forum “Ural Mining Decade” (UMD 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||08 July 2020|
The interaction of the main actuators of hydraulic excavators
Ural State Mining University, 620144 Ekaterinburg, Russia
The operation modes of the main actuators of hydraulic excavators during their joint operation in the process of rock excavation are considered. It is shown that the main mechanisms for turning the boom of the handle and the bucket are part of hydromechanical units consisting of an engine (hydraulic cylinder) and a main mechanism in which the engine (the cylinder and the rod itself) and elements of the working equipment (boom, handle or bucket) are the links of the mechanism.
It has been established that the relationship between the parameters of the mechanical energy of the engines and the power parameters implemented on the driven (output) links of the mechanisms depend on the magnitude of the extension of the hydraulic cylinder rod. Mathematical models of the main mechanisms are developed. A computational experiment was carried out to determine the actual values of energy-power parameters implemented on the cutting edge of the bucket (teeth) during excavation of rocks at characteristic points of the excavator's working area, as well as reactive loads in the rota-tion mechanisms of the boom and stick.
The proposed methodology for determining the operational parameters of the main mechanisms will allow us to estimate the range of changes in the power parameters implemented on the cutting edge of the bucket in the working area and to identify the relationship between active and reactive loads in the mechanisms due to the serial connection of hydromechanical units.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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