E3S Web Conf.
Volume 181, 20202020 5th International Conference on Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering (ICSREE 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Clean and Renewable Energy|
|Published online||24 July 2020|
Compartmentalization and polarization studies of a Plant-Microbial Fuel Cell assembly with Cynodon dactylon
1 School of Chemical, Biological, and Materials Engineering and Sciences, Mapua University, Intramuros, Manila 1002 Philippines
2 Center for Renewable Bioenergy Research, Mapua University, Intramuros, Manila 1002, Philippines
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Plant-microbial fuel cells (PMFCs) are a class of renewable biomass energy that relies on the rhizodeposition of plants to generate power. In this study, the optimization of electrode spacing, number, and combinations were studied to maximize the power output of a soil PMFC growing Cynodon dactylon. To achieve this, compartmentalization tests were carried out as well as polarization. The anode-cathode distance was found to produce the highest voltage at 3 inches apart, wherein a smaller gap resulted to lower power, and a slight increase in the gap did not result to a loss of power. The use of multiple electrodes was also examined, and the results have shown that maximum power was obtained at inter-electrode distance of 18 cm. Smaller gaps registered lower voltages, and larger gaps gave a sudden drop in voltage. The effect of limiting one electrode was also observed. In anode-limiting conditions, it was found that both power and power density were maximum when there are 4 cathodes corresponding to one anode. When the reverse was done, it was shown that both power and power density continuously dropped if there are multiple anodes corresponding to one cathode only. This led to the conclusion that cathode design is more crucial in PMFCs as it utilizes the rate-limiting step. The tests of using multiple paired electrodes to determine the power-power density relationship results to a contradiction of behaviour in MFCs, wherein both power and power density increases as the electrode surface area is increased. These results are important building blocks to the goal of utilizing PMFCs in the future in larger scales with appreciable power generation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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